Gold, one of the world's most precious metals, dates back to the dawn of mankind. All great civilizations built up treasuries of the lustrous metal, reserving golden objects for their most important rituals.

However, the most alluring use of the sun-colored metal has always been in jewelry. The Egyptians, largest producers of gold in the ancient world, equated gold with the sun, the giver of life, and reserved its use for pharaohs only. The ancient Etruscans created meticulously handwrought objects using fine granules and threads of gold, a technique still practiced today.

Caring for Your Gold Jewelry

  • Remember that gold is lasting and durable but can get scratched or dented if treated roughly.
  • Gold's worst enemy is chlorine. Repeated exposure can weaken gold's structure, eventually leading to breakage. So keep your jewelry away from chlorinated cleaning products and out of swimming pools and jacuzzis.
  • Protect your gold jewelry by storing it safely or keeping it wrapped in a soft cloth when not being worn.
  • Clean your gold jewelry with a cleaning solution of sudsy lukewarm water, or bring it to your local jeweler and have it steam-cleaned.
  • Dry and polish jewelry with a chamois or soft cloth after cleaning and rinsing.
  • Keep gold jewelry free from dust, moisture, perspiration and makeup.
  • Always inspect your gold jewelry for weakness or damage and bring it to a professional jeweler for immediate repair. Your jeweler will be able to restore it for you.

Where to Buy Karat Gold Jewelry


 Ben Bridge is dedicated to selling quality jewelry at a good value. We sell at the same price every day and do not believe in giving the consumer a fictitious sense of value by ‘marking it up to mark it down’.

To make sure you get jewelry that you will be happy with now and for years to come follow a simple rule: buy from a professional, someone you can trust. Choose a retailer who has been serving the community for a number of years and has an established reputation. Ben Bridge is a fourth generation family operated jeweler and we are active in our community service organizations and the Chamber of Commerce in the areas we have stores located.

Ask if the jeweler is a member of the Jewelers of America and the American Gem Society. Ben Bridge is proud to be affiliated with these fine organizations. JA and AGS jewelers are knowledgeable and they have a wide selection of fine jewelry that will make putting your gold jewelry wardrobe together easy and fun. They will not only help you with this purchase but they will be there in the future to answer all your questions and help you with your purchases, repairs, and custom design.

Additional information about Gold


Surface treatments for gold jewelry create patterns and designs. Often finishes are mixed to create contrasting effects.

Types of Finishes

  • High Polish: Bright, shiny, highly reflective.
  • Satin Finish: Light parallel lines sharply reduce the metal reflections. Has a soft and lustrous appearance.
  • Matte: "Velvet-like" finish, without shine but having a soft luster.
  • Etched: Chemically or hand created designs or patterns cut into the surface resulting in a textured finish.
  • Brushed: A light "satin-like" finish, produced by a stiff metal brush. Can be applied in a linear or circular pattern.
  • Florentine: Parallel lines are engraved in one direction, then lighter cross hatching or curved strokes are made in the opposite direction. The lines are deeper than on a brushed or satin finish.
  • Hammered: Design created by hammering directly onto the surface. Can be light or deep depending on the type of hammer used.
  • Engraved: A design is cut with a sharp-edged tool.
  • Diamond Cut: A faceted, bright look is achieved by making tiny angled cuts to the surface.
  • Filigree: Consists of fine wires that are twisted together and then flattened and bent into intricate designs. These delicate patterns are surrounded by a  framework of sturdier gold.
  • Diamond Laser: Highly reflective finish created by hammering the surface with a faceted, diamond-tipped tool.
  • Granulated: Small, rounded gold particles placed by hand on a gold surface and fastened by a heating process.
  • Enameled: Fusing colored glass onto metal surface.
  • Embossed: Shaping a pattern in relief in sheet metal.

Gold Jewelry Manufacturing Techniques

  • Lost Wax Casting: The process of duplicating an object by forcing molten metal into a mold.   Jewelry can be reproduced quickly, practically and exactly by any of  several casting methods; centrifugal or vacuum casting are most common. Casting has greatly influenced and changed the design and manufacture of jewelry; A gold jewelry object which requires considerable labor cost to fabricate by hand can be cast for significantly less.
  • Chain: Nearly all chain is a series of connected loops of metal wire. Chain links are generally assembled, soldered (joined together), and then limbered up to make them flexible. Today, although handmade gold chain is available, most chain is produced by computer-controlled machines, which can be programmed to produce a wide variety of different designs.
  • Die striking/stamping: A process in which jewelry items are pressed out, partially or completely, by driving hardened steel dies of the desired shape into a sheet of gold under pressure. The process lends itself well to mass production.
  • Electroforming: The process of forming objects by the electrolytic deposition of a   metal (gold) on a mod or mandrel (usually wax). The mold or mandrel is later removed, resulting in a strong but hollow piece of gold jewelry. Electroforming allows for   intricately designed, dimensional pieces of karat gold jewelry. Electroforming should not be confused with electroplating.

Each of these manufacturing techniques includes the final steps of cleaning and polishing to bring out the beauty of the finished gold jewelry item.

Non-Karat Gold Jewelry Techniques

  • Gold filled, gold overlay: A layer of 10K gold or better mechanically bonded to all significant surfaces. This layer of gold must be at least 1/20th of the total metal weight or it cannot be described as gold filled (typical quality mark - 1/20th 12K GF or 12 Karat Gold Filled.)
  • Gold plate, rolled gold plate: The same as gold filled except the quantity of karat gold may be less than 1/20th of the total metal weight. (Typical quality mark-1/40th 12K RGP).
  • Gold electroplate: An electrolytic process where a coating of gold of not less than 10K fineness, with a minimum thickness equivalent to 7 millionths of an inch, is affixed to all significant surfaces.
  • Vermeil: Gold with a minimum fineness of 10K mechanically bonded or electroplated over a base of sterling silver. The thickness of gold must be at least 120 millionths of an inch.

Gold Weight


For centuries, the troy system has been used for weighing gold and other precious metals. Internationally quoted gold prices are based on 24K gold and the troy ounce. For example the gold price you read in the newspaper reflects the price of one troy ounce.

Troy Weight
 

 

24 grains (gr)
20 pennyweights
12 ounces (troy) (t.)

=
=
=

1 pennyweight (dwt.)
1 ounce (oz t.)
1 pound (lb t.)

=
=
=

1.5552 grams
31.1035 grams
373.2417 grams

1 ounce (troy) (t.) = 1.09714 ounces avoirdupois
1 pound (troy) (t.) = 0.82286 pounds avoirdupois
 

To Convert

 

pennyweights to grams:
ounces (t.) to grams:
grams to pennyweights:
grams to ounces (t.):
pennyweights
ounces (t.)
grams
grams
x
x
x
x
1.5552
31.1035
0.6430
0.0322
> = grams
= grams
= pennyweights
= ounces (t.)

Alloy


Gold in its purest state, 24 karat, is often considered too soft for use in jewelry. Gold is mixed or ALLOYED with one or more other metals to produce optimum strength and color characteristics.

How alloys affect the color of gold:
 

 

Color:
Yellow Gold:
White Gold:
Green Gold:
Pink Gold:
Elements:
Gold, Copper, Silver
Gold, Nickel or Palladium, Zinc, Copper
Gold, Copper, Silver, Zinc
Gold, Copper

(For the percentage of alloys in a piece of gold jewelry, refer to karat gold.)

Karat

A measurement of fineness (purity) equal to 1/24 pure gold in an alloy. Pure or fine gold is 24 karat, 14 karat means 14 parts of 24 are pure gold, mixed with 10 parts of other metal.

Karat Gold
A gold alloy of not less than 10 karat fineness (in the U.S.)

 

Karatage   Gold Content    Fineness
24K
18K
14K
10K
=
=
=
=
100%
75%
58.3%
41.6%
=
=
=
=
.999
.750
.583
.416


Minimum legal standard of karatage in:

  • USA 10K
  • Canada 9K
  • Mexico 8K

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