We’re on the countdown: ten days til Christmas, inspiring us to share ten tidbits of diamond knowledge. With the help of the experts at GIA and Geology, we’ve found ten of the most interesting facts, stories and legends about this popular stone. Read on to discover more about diamonds and become an expert, whether buying a special diamond gift for someone, or to learn a fun fact to share at a holiday party this season.
1.) Diamonds are the worlds hardest naturally occurring mineral – Ranking at a 10 out of 10 on the Mohs Hardness Scale, the only tool able to cut a diamond is one made from another diamond!
2.) Diamonds are the only gemstone composed of a single element. They are comprised of nearly 100% carbon, formed about 100 miles below surface in the Earth’s mantle.
3.) Ancient Greeks believed diamonds were splinters of stars fallen down to the Earth.
4.) Multiple cultures throughout history believed diamonds to have protective and healing properties. Some kings even wore diamonds on their armor for protection in battle.
5.) The United States is the world’s largest diamond market, consuming about 40% of diamonds produced, but only has one diamond mine of its own, Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas, where anyone can hunt for their own diamonds.
6.) Some of the most famous diamonds have been discovered at the Cullinan Diamond mine in South Africa, beginning in 1905 with the discovery of the Cullinan Diamond. Weighing in at 3106 carats, it is the largest rough diamond discovered to date.
7.) Most diamonds range from colorless to yellow; but recently, “fancy diamonds” have become increasingly popular. These include a variety of naturally occurring reds, pinks (shown above), purples, blues, yellows and greens.
8.) In 2004, scientists discovered a Super-Earth planet in our galaxy, called 55 Cancri e, a carbon planet that is most likely 1/3 pure diamond.
9.) Speaking of space diamonds, scientists at NASA believe that space is filled with nanodiamonds, miniscule gems “about 25,000 times smaller than a grain of sand.”
10.) Since their first production years in the late 1990’s, Canadian diamond mines have quickly become some of the world’s top producing mines, including the mines where we find our exclusive Ikuma Diamonds.
Diamonds have an alluring and captivating story and history overall, but we believe that what’s even more important is the personal story with each diamond. Share with us what your diamond means to you, using the hashtag #BenBridge on our social media, including Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.
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